What is Type 2 Diabetes? Its causes and Precautions


Type 2 diabetes can occur in all ages of people but mostly common after 45 age. Most of the time people even don’t realise they have type 2 diabetes until and unless it shows major symptoms. The risk factor increases when you have family history of diabetes.

In a healthy person, insulin hormone converts sugar into glucose which is a source of energy for a living cells in an efficient manner. Glucose then enters the bloodstream, which stimulates the pancreas to release insulin in the right amount. Excess of glucose is stored in the liver. In patients having type 2 diabetes, the insulin hormone cannot function properly in converting sugar and absorbing glucose into cells. This result in increase in glucose level in the blood due to insulin inefficiency which is termed as insulin resistance. Initially the body makes excess insulin but the muscles, liver and the fat cells do not respond properly to insulin. With long term uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, the pancreas reduces the amount of insulin it produces.

Risk factor associated with type 2 diabetes

Some bad habits and medical conditions associated with lifestyles increase the chance of developing type 2 diabetes. These risk factors are:

  • Being overweight or obese, especially at the waist
  • A sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoking
  • Diet rich in red meat, processed meat, high fat dairy products and sweets
  • Abnormal cholesterol and blood fats

Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes

People with type 2 diabetes usually show no symptoms. But there are some common early symptoms associated with this diseases such as:

  • Increase in thirst accompanied by frequent urination
  • Dry mouth
  • Increased appetite
  • Unusual weight loss or weight gain
  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Cut an wounds that don’t heal easily
  • Frequent yeast infections
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Itchy skin especially in groin area

Sexual dysfunction is a major and later symptoms which occurs in many with high level of sugar. This is because diabetes can cause damage to blood vessels and nerve endings which supply blood and energy to genital. This results in loss of feeling for sex and difficulty in making orgasm. Other major complications which can occur are vaginal dryness in women and impotency in men.

Managing diabetes

There are some precautions you need to take for controlling blood sugar level and managing diabetes. This include:

  • Monitor carbohydrate consumption and as well as total fat and protein intake and reduce calories will help to reduce overall blood sugar
  • Regular exercise such as strength training, walking improves body’s use of insulin
  • Be active which will also lower blood pressure and prevent other heart diseases.
  • Reduce stress level by practising relaxation techniques such as breathing, meditation or yoga which will help to reduce blood pressure and lower glucose level too in blood.
  • Diabetes pill are available which helps to stimulate the pancreas to make more insulin or to improve its effectiveness.

And in case if all these precautions does not work, doctor will prescribe insulin injections to control the blood sugar and prevent the further complications occurring due to this disease. Hence immediately consult your physician if you feel you have these above symptoms.




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