Chilling winter time requires care to handle low temperatures and maintain healthy state. You can follow these precautions in winters to prevent occurrences of diseases:
1). Wearing warm clothes is necessary to insulate body from cold weather. Protect your head, hands, feet and ears by wearing proper warm clothes.
2). Take precautions to prevent fever, flu and other cold related problems. Morning walkers and rotational shift workers should cover their bodies with warm clothes to prevent occurrences of fever, flu and common cold.
3). Woolen clothes can be potential source allergens for some people. You need to check for your self if you are allergic to woolen cloth items.
4). Wearing a proper cap on head and ears is important to prevent facial paralysis as a result of cold currents of environment.
5). Consumption of cold drinks, cold beverages and ice creams should be avoided in winters. Stored and refrigerated food items should not be consumed in winters.
6). Cold temperatures requires special care of skin to prevent skin dryness. Applying moisturizer or cold cream provides moisture requirement for the skin. Applying coconut oil to body skin before bath is effective way for managing dryness of skin.
8). Taking note of weather conditions and wind chill -- temperature, wind and moisture are important things you should consider before planning a trip to some place or planning a workout.
9). Use of disposable tissues and napkins while sneering or coughing provides adequate shield to other people.
10). You can often wash your hands before touching your child so the virus does not spread.
11). Consult a doctor in case you get a prolonged cold or high fever
12). Pregnant women, elderly people and diabetics patients should practice extra care in winters.
13). Exposure to extreme low conditions leads to injury to the body caused by freezing. Frostbite can occur on region of body in direct contact with cold conditions like cheeks, hands and feet, nose & ears. Symptoms of frost bite include numbness and stinging season. Seek medical care.
14). On exposure to cold temperature there is a loss of body heat at rate higher than the rate of maintenance of body heat. Low body temperature may lead to hypothermia that may result from exercising in cold and rainy weather. Symptoms may include shivering, slurred speech, loss of coordination and fatigue.
15). Activities that require repeated exposure to warm and cold temperature that are stop-and-go activities increases chances to catching cold, flu and fever.
16) Ensure protection to your skin by using sunscreen that blocks UV-A and UV-B.
17). Use dark glasses or goggles to protect your eyes from snow when moving in cold temperatures or ice-bound regions