Good digestive health is generally construed as ability to process nutrients through functional digestive system comprising organs stomach, esophagus & intestine and support organs like liver, pancreas and gallbladder. Diet rich in nutrients is needed to maintain healthy digestion system. Slight dysfunction in digestive system health can lead to bloating, gas, heartburn, stomach pain, stomach cramps, abdominal pain, diarrhea and nausea.
The common symptoms of digestive disorder include Heartburn (reverse flow of food particles and stomach secretions to esophagus), Diverticulitis (inflammation of the stomach lining in small intestine), and Ulcer (hole in mucus membrane lining the duodenum).
Digestive health dysfunction can potentially lead to
1). Irritation of the Esophagus that occurs when a medicine that is swolled is not passed on to the stomach. The localized action of chemicals in medicine can lead to ulcers, perforations and bleeding. You need to have sufficient intake of water before and after taking medicine. Proper posture is required to be maintained while having medication.
2). Gastro-esophageal Reflux can cause backward movement of stomach’s acidic content into esophagus. The splinter muscles present at lower end of esophagus initiate Gastro-esophageal Reflux. The severity of reflux response is increased by category of medicine that includes-- Oral antibiotics, Nitrates, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs), Nitrates, birth control pills, Calcium channel blockers and Theophylline. Certain modifications in eating habits cure esophagus reflux. Avoid stimulants for esophagus reflux like coffee, fatty and fried food, alcohol, chocolate which may worsen reflux. Do not lie down after food intake.
3). Deep burning sensation in stomach linked to irritation of inner-cell lining due to the chemical activity of some medicine. People with history of peptic ulcers and gastritis are prone to risk. Taking coated medicine reduces frequency and risk of deep burning sensation in stomach. Avoid alcoholic beverages while you are under medication. Eating medications after food reduces the potency of Deep burning sensation in stomach.
4). Diarrhea Most common cause of Diarrhea are antibiotics (Penicillin, ampicillin & amoxicillin, Cephalosporins, Clindamycin ) that proliferate the growth of bacteria such as Clostridium difficile (C. difficile). Treatment involved hydration by use of antibiotics to replace the lost fluid. Uptake of foods high in lactose bacillus, yogurt, cottage cheese acidophilus pills brings backs normal level of bacteria present in larger intestine.
5). Constipation is slow and difficult passage of stool as a result of medications (like antihypertensives, cholestyramine, anticholinergics, Iron tablets, Aluminium containing antacids) that affect the nerve and muscle activity in large intestine. Eat a well-balanced diet including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Drinking plenty of fluids and water and regular exercise reduces constipation.
6). Indigestion or dyspepsia or upset stomach is discomfort or a burning feeling in the upper abdomen that has manifestation in nausea, abdominal bloating, belching, and or vomiting. Adverse alteration in pH and mal-absorption are reasons for dyspepsia.
7). Ascites is an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity that causes abdominal expansion, discomfort and swollen abdomen.
When visiting doctor for heath check-up, you should discuss duration and frequency of the symptoms. You should share you medical history, present status of treatment and medication details with your doctor.
8). Peritonitis is an inflammation of the membranes of the abdominal wall and organs. Peritonitis is a life-threatening emergency that needs prompt medical treatment.
The healthy balance of microorganisms in stomach ensures proper body functioning and a healthy digestive system. Any imbalance (or dysbiosis) hinders the functioning of healthy gut and produces dangerous by-products like ammonia, (disrupts the normal brain function causing cognitive symptoms). The disease causing microorganisms in stomach mainly include E.coli, amebiasis, giardiass, E.coli, shigella, and salmonella. Treatment for digestive health disorders involves diet adjustments, lifestyle changes, stress reduction, and prescribed medications. You need to discuss your allergies—food allergens, and food intolerances (gluten intolerance) with your physician to be sure that prescribed medication does not have additive substances that could trigger an allergic reaction.