Sleep disorders can be defined as the medical conditions that affect your sleep. Such conditions results in poor health habits that keep you awake at night disturbing your sleep cycle, affecting your normal physical, mental, social and emotional functioning of the body. And insufficient sleep can also leads to serious health problems that can pose threat to your health and also to your safety.
Symptoms of sleep disorder
Symptoms vary from person to person and their lifestyles. But most common symptoms are:
- Excessive sleeping during the day time
- Trouble in falling asleep especially at night
- Snoring continuously
- Difficulty in breathing during sleep
- Urge of keep moving your body while sleeping
- Uncomfortable feeling in legs at night
How does Sleep disorder affect our sleep?
There are two forms of sleep experienced by human being. Rapid eye movement sleep (REP sleep) and Non-rapid eye movement (Non-REP sleep). As the name suggest REP is accompanied with continuous rapid movement of eye and hence with dreaming. REP account for around 25% of our normal sleep and it occurs mostly early in morning and hence we tend to dream more towards morning time. Whereas the rest of our sleep is accompanied by NREM which further consist of four stages from light sleep (stage 1) to deep sleep (stage 4).
When a person is suffering from sleep disorder, it affects all the stages of sleep including REP and Non-REP sleep, thus creating total disturbance in sleep cycle. And therefore the person does not get adequate amount of sleep and rest.
How much sleep is required for the body?
Sleep needs varies from person to person and is required in different amount for different age group. General guidelines for normal amount of sleep are as follows:
- 16 hours for infants
- 9 hours for teenagers
- 7-8 hours for adults
But remember it again depends totally on human body and mind, as for some 5 hours of sleep is sufficient to stay active and energetic whereas some may require almost 10 hours of sleep at night.
How Sleep disorders can affect our life?
Data records have shown that lack of sleep has always accompanied with number of dangers such as car accidents, poor performance at job, problems in relationship, memory disorders, concentration problems, mood swings and overall health of a person. Studies have also proved sleep deprivation can also have harmful effect on health of a person such as it can cause heart related problems, obesity and even diabetes.
How are sleep disorder treated?
Some of the treatment methods are
- Using sleeping pill
- Breathing device for proper breathing
- Weight loss
- Decreasing stress level and anxiety
- Limiting caffeine intake
- Limiting alcohol intake
And even if the problems does not vanish, further medical advice with psychotherapist may be required.