Everyone experience this irritating skin problem of having blackheads on their face and neck but it is most common among teenagers and in adolescent age. Blackheads are also known as comedones. They are small bumps that appear on your skin due to clogged hair follicles. Blackheads can be considered as mild type of acne which are tiny dark spots mainly appears on face and neck but can also be present on chest, arms and shoulders. According to American Academy of Dermatology this type of blackheads affects 40 to 50 million American population and thus becomes one of the most common skin disorder in this country.
Main cause of Blackheads
Every follicle on your face contain one hair and sebaceous gland that produces sebum oil which helps to keep your skin soft. When dead skin cells and oil collects in this follicle opening, it results in formation of a bump called comedones. If the skin over the bump remains close then it forms whitehead whereas if dirt accumulates in it,it leads to blackheads.
Other factors which increases the chance of blackhead or acne formation are as follows:
Hormonal changes which increases oil production such as during teen years, menstruation or in some while taking birth control pills
Unclean skin which lead to accumulation of dirt and build-up of acne bacteria
Producing too much of body oil
Use of too much of cosmetics products
Too much in take of oily, sugary and fried foods
Alcohol and caffeine intake
Simple Home remedies to get rid of blackheads
Apply mashed tomato or tomato juice over blackhead before going to bed. Leave it overnight and wash thoroughly in morning. The antiseptic properties of tomatoes helps inde-clogging your pores.
Apply juice of lemon mixed with salt on your blackheads. If you want dilute lemon juice as it is acidic and can cause skin irritation. Leave it overnight and wash thoroughly with lukewarm water. Due to its antiseptic and antioxidant properties, it is effective in blackhead treatment.