In Children and Adoloscents, prevailing Gingival (or gum) diseases is not uncommon.
In fact, they are the one's who are more prone to such diseases as compared to adults.
Below mentioned are common gingival diseases in children.
1. PLAQUE INDUCED GINGIVAL DISEASE
This variant of gum disease is extremely common both in a child as well as an adolescent. Here, the inflammation or swelling is limited to the marginal gingiva without any loss of bone or connective tissue attachment. It is commonly called " chronic marginal gingivitis " .
Signs include, red, linear inflammation, accompanied by increased vascularization and hyperplasia ( increase in number of cells ).
2. ERUPTION GINGIVITIS
This variant is commonly found in association with a newly erupting or erupted tooth. Hence, the name " eruption gingivitis ". The reason behind this inflammation is the plaque accumulation with relation to the involved erupting or already erupted tooth. Likewise, here also, the gingival margin is reddened.
3. PUBERTY GINGIVITIS
A normal rising trend is seen for gingivitis with increasing age, and, one form representing this is the " puberty gingivitis ". It accompanies on setting puberty and subsides by itself after puberty. Unlike, the above mentioned types, this type encounters bleeding and inflammation in inter proximal regions( gums in between teeth ). It is prevalent in both males and females.
4. ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCE INDUCED GINGIVITIS
In Individuals having orthodontic treatment for alignment of teeth, gingivitis is a common finding. Such is because the patient can not maintain his oral hygiene in a proper manner because of orthodontic wire. Therefore, there is seen an inflammatory enlargement. Nevertheless, this is generally transient, and rarely is responsible for any long term damage to the oral tissues.