Foot pain is a common complaint and it can have many causes. Here is a description of first aid care for Foot injury and toe pain problems:
The following steps may help relieve you off your foot pain:
- Gently apply ice on affected area to reduce pain and swelling.
- Keep your painful foot area elevated.
- Reduce your physical activity until you feel better.
- Wear shoes that fit your feet size and are right match for the activity you are doing.
- Wear foot pads in shoe to prevent rubbing and irritation in feet sole.
- Use an over-the-counter OTC pain medicine, ibuprofen or acetaminophen to get immediate relief.
You should seek immediate medical attention and care if:
- You experience a sudden & severe foot pain.
- Your foot pain began after an injury, especially if your foot is bleeding or bruising, or you cannot put weight on it.
- You have swelling of the joint, an open sore or ulcer on your foot, or a fever.
- You develop a pain in your foot, and have diabetes or a disease that affects blood flow.
- Your foot does not feel better after using at-home treatments for 1-2 weeks
Your physician would ask questions about your symptoms and medical history. Further your doctor would perform physical examination of your feet, legs, and suggest correct posture. A clinician investigation with X-ray examination and MRI helps doctor to analyze deformity in bones of feet. The therapy in foot and toe pain would depend on nature and exact cause of the foot pain. Treatment may include:
- A cast (plaster of paris), if you broke a bone.
- Removal of plantar warts, corns, or calluses by a foot specialist.
- Orthotics, or shoe inserts.
- Physical therapy to relieve tight or overused muscles.
- Foot surgery.
The following steps can prevent foot problems and foot pain:
- Wear proper fitting shoes, with good arch support and feet cushioning.
- Wear shoes with plenty of body space around the ball of your foot and toes, a wide toe box.
- Avoid narrow-toed shoes and high heels foot-wear.
- Prefer wearing sneakers as often as possible, especially when walking.
- Replace running shoes frequently to prevent any allergy or deformity to your feet.
- Learn exercises to strengthen your feet and avoid pain. This specially helps for persons with flat feet and other potential foot problems.
- Warm up and cool down properly when exercising. Begin your work-out with the stretch exercises.
- Gradually increase your amount of exercise, slowly over time, to avoid putting excessive strain on your feet.
- Lose weight if you need, to achieve right BMI and correct amount of body mass pressure on your feet.