The intestinal content of micro-organism plays critical role in maintaining the intestinal health of human being. Therefore the different factors which affects the intestinal microbial flora also affect the intestinal health of a person. Therefore it is observed that there is high degree of instability in infant gut micro-biota as compared to the adult.The other factors responsible in affecting individual intestinal microbiota genetics, mode of birth of child, eating habits, antibiotic usage, standard of living conditions and diet composition.
Therefore any changes in the above factors, especially diet- related leads to number of intestinal disorders which includes:
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBSS)
Stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
Twisted and Reluctant colon
These following diseases of intestine are related with poor health of intestine and digestive tract.
Main function of digestive system
The main function of digestive system is to break down the food into its simpler forms such as glucose (sugars), amino acids (protein) and into fatty acids (fats) to provide nutrients and energy for the body. The broken food is then absorbed by bloodstream from the small intestine and the nutrients from food are taken to each cell of body for proper functioning, growth and development.
A large number of micoflora including mainly bacteria, inhabit in large intestine with some degree in other parts of digestive system ( stomach, small intestine, pancreas, liver and large intestine) which helps in breaking down these food particles and maintaining healthy digestion in body.
Scientist says, food rich in high fibre content such as green leafy vegetables, fruits, cereals grains helps in proper growth of bacteria in intestine and hence plays essential part of well balance diet.
Importance of high fibre food in Intestine
In the presence of high fibre diet, these friendly bacteria in intestine flourish producing more vitamins and other substance which helps in promoting good health and wellness of an individual.
Another benefit of having healthy growth of intestinal micro-flora is that when these bacteria grows and increase in their population in gut, they tend to inhibit the growth of other harmful bacteria and disease causing microbes thus preventing their actions from causing infections and digestive related problems.
Their beneficial effect on body is because these friendly bacteria produces special type of fatty acid known as short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) which are synthesised from dietary fibre food. These SCFAs are generally harmless to tissues and normal flora in gut, but have dangerous effect on disease causing bacteria and yeast. Therefore fibre rich food containing SCFAs are found healthy for our colon and overall intestinal health of a person.
Nutritionists recommends therefore, that a well-balanced diet should contain 20-35gms of dietary fibre which should be consumed daily for proper intestinal health. Good sources of dietary fibre include whole grains, nuts, legumes and fruits where coconut is found to be ideal and excellent source of dietary fibre. This is because 75% of total carbohydrate in coconut is in form of fibre content, making it as one of the highest source of fibre among all plant foods.
Therefore records have indicated always that diet deficient in fibre content result in nutritional deficiencies which lead to various intestinal related problems like inflammation, bleeding and other discomforts.
Hence researchers suggest to incorporate high fibre food which helps in preventing and relieving symptoms associated with various intestinal problems such as colitis (inflammation of colon), Crohn’s disease (inflammation of bowel system), and irritable bowel syndrome and other digestive disorders. This is because studies have shown that the fibre found in coconut oil is rich source of SCFAs which helps our normal flora to flourish and having thus detrimental effect on pathogens found in intestinal tract.