Child care in fever

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Fever is high body temperature condition, which can have different manifestation in young population. Fever often means body is working to fight infection caused by germs.

0 to 2 months: 100.4 F

3 to 6 months: 101 F

6+ months: 103 F

As a thumb rule, in children, a temperature of over 37.5°C (99.5°F) is a fever.  Fever causes child to feel irritation and uncomfortable. Immediately consult your pediatrician if your child is under 2 and fever lasts more than 24 hours.

Child’s temperature can also be raised during teething, following vaccinations, or if they overheat due to bedding or clothing.

Fever can occur in child due to flu, colds, diarrhea, coughs, respiratory tract infection, chicken pox, ear infections, tonsillitis, whooping cough, rosella.

Fever can occur in serious conditions as Pneumonia, meningitis and septicemia with symptoms

  • cold hands or feet
  • pale skin
  • leg pains

Signs (something that you or doctor observes) and symptoms (symptom is something a patient complains about) of child fever that should be discussed with doctor

  • temperature of over 37.5°C (99.5°F)
  • Excessive crying or high pitch crying.
  • Fast breathing.
  • Refusal to take feeds.
  • Drowsiness or sleepiness.
  • Dislike of bright lights.

Consult a doctor before giving any medication to your child. Maintain record of child temperature for consultation with pediatrician. Anticipate 24 hours free of high temperature for treatment completion.

  • Combination of paracetamol and ibuprofen should not be given at the same time to child. Mostly soluble paracetamol in water is given to child but in consultation with Doctors only.
  • Make your child feel comfortable and have proper rest in care.
  • Cool room temperature at 18°C or 65°F is about right care for the child.
  • Sponging child with luke-warm water decrease temperature and reduces fever. Stop sponging if child shivers or develop goose-bums.
  • Low body fluid can be rehydrated through boiled water intake at every half an hour. ORS solution can be given to the child on pediatrician advice.
  • As a parent, take a first-aid course and learn CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and the Heimlich maneuver (for choking) instructions pertaining to child and adults.
  • At room temperature, remove child clothes to prevent overheating or shivering.
  • Antipyretics (fever medicine) can be avoided if the child is feeling comfortable and not irritated by temperature.  The correct dose and frequency is given on medicine packing for different age groups.

 

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