Bromelain: Pineapple Fruit Enzyme and its Health Benefits


Not everyone must have heard about the enzyme found in pineapple called Bromelain. It is mainly taken as a supplement in number of ailments andfor health benefits. There are number of its other health benefits which are not known to many of us. Therefore this article will mainly deal to explain what bromelain enzymeis, from where it is derived and what its importance in medicine


The pineapple tree (Ananascomosus) is a tropical tree belonging to the family of Bromeliaceae. Pineapple tree is native to South America, but was first discovered by Europeanson Caribbean islands. Pineapple fruit is usually in cylindrical shape with scaly green, brown, or yellow skin and a crown of spiny, blue-green leaves. The yellow colored flesh inside has vibrant flavor of sweet and tart taste. The fruit is rich source of vitamin C, manganese and a vital enzyme known as Bromelain. Along with this it also contains copper, vitamin B1, vitamin B6,dietary fibre, folate and pantothenic acid. The major anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of pineapple is basically because of the presence of enzyme called Bromelain enzyme.

Bromelain enzyme

Bromelain belongs to a set of proteolytic enzymes (protein digesting enzymes) extracted from fruits or stems of pineapple tree. The bromelain enzymes extracted from both the parts of tree (fruit and stem) are different and contain different composition. Bromelain is a set of variousthiol endopepeptidases and other enzymes such as phosphatase, glycosidase, peroxidase, cellulose and escharase. Bromelain has been found to have number of beneficial properties including anti-inflammatory, anti- analgesic, and anti-oedematous, anti-thrombotic and fibrinolytic effects. Bromelain is found to have number of therapeutics benefits such as in treatment of anginapectoris, bronchitis, sinusitis, osteoarthritis, diarrhoea and many in cardiovascular disorders. It also prevents cancer growth and promotes apoptotic cell death.

As we all known pineapple is one of the healthiest fruit considered especially in diseases associated with bone or joint injury.Therefore health professionals and doctors recommended to drink a glass of pineapple juice for athletes to protect them from any bone or joint injury.These anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant property of pineapple fruit is basically because of the presence of bromelain enzyme.

Bromelian possess number of biological functions which makes it so important in pharmaceutical applications. This includes:

Interference with growth of malignant cells

Inhibition of platelet aggregation

Fibrinolytic activity

Anti-inflammatory action

Skin debridement properties

Due to its vast properties, pineapple offers numerous health benefits. Some of them are

Improves blood circulation and heart health

Prevent joint inflammation and pain in arthritic patients

Improves breathing condition in asthma patients

Strengthens immune system of body by enhancing the defense ability of T-cell

Helps in skin conditions like eczema, acne, dermatitis and psoriasis

Thus it is observed bromelain, an extract from pineapple plant (stem and fruit) due to its anti-inflammatory, anti- clotting, and  analgesic properties it has found to have numerous therapeutic actions and importance is increasing now a days in medicine.



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