Breast cancer- Its Signs, Symptoms and Prevention


Breast cancer can be defined as the malignant tumor that develops in the breast tissues and in later stages spread to other surrounding tissue or distant areas of the body. This type of cancer mainly occurs in cells in the lining of milk ducts and lobules that supply the ducts with milk. The disease mainly occurs in women, but men can also develop this type of cancer. Breast cancer is the most common cancer among American women, after skin cancer. About 1 in 8 which means around 12% women in US develop invasive breast cancer during their lifetime. There are number of factors that increase the risk of developing this kind of cancer. Where age is the single most major factor to develop breast cancer in women, some other factors are as follows:

Factors causing breast cancer


Lack of physical activity

Having cancer in one breast can lead to recur in other

Having previous history of one type of these cancer such as ovarian, uterine or colon cancer

Genetic abnormality in breast cancer genes

Late menopause mostly after age 55

Early occurrence of menstruation cycle in life (before 12 years of age)

Having first child mostly after age 30

Never having children

Although there are number of above factors that can cause breast cancer in women, but chances of this disease increases with age. About 95% of women diagnosed with breast cancer are usually above 40 years of age and others are above the age of 60 or more.

It is also observed that women are more prone to breast cancer when their immediate family members (such as mother, sister or daughter) had breast cancer history, especially when it occurs in early age. Also studies have shown women who have undergone breast biopsy (removal of breast tissue) are shown to develop certain type of cancerous cells (such as atypical hyperplasia) are more likely to get breast cancer. The common signs of this disease include lump in breast tissue, changes in breast size, dimpling of the skin, fluid oozes out from nipples and red scaly patches on breast skin. And in advance stages the disease can spread to other parts of body causing bone pain, swollen lymph nodes, breathing problem and yellow skin color.


As search there are no definite ways to prevent breast cancer, but you can follow definitely certain steps to reduce the risk such as:

Maintain healthy weight

Increase physical activity mostly after menopause age

Indulge in exercises and other physical activities such as 30minutes walk

Maintain a healthy and well balanced diet (Include more of vegetables and fruits and limit processed and red meat)

Limit the intake of alcoholic beverages

Therefore staying at healthy weight, being physically active, limiting the excessive intake of alcohol can help to reduce the risk of breast cancer in many women. Therefore it is advisable to do regular screening to detect breast cancer in women especially after 30 age, as early detection can help to avoid the chances and better treatment of breast cancer in case if it occurs.



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