With increase in development in modern science, there are number of options which could be used as a birth control methods. But when you want to choose one for yourself, many questions come to your mind such as, how effective is this method? What about its convenience and cost factor? Is it safe for longer period of time? And so on. Here I am listing some main birth control methods which would help you to choose one for yourself.
Fertility awareness: When you planning to avoid pregnancy, you need to first focus on your fertility chart. By knowing those highly fertile days of your monthly period cycle and by avoiding sex during this time is the best way to prevent pregnancy.
Using spermicide: Spermicide are the chemicals that kills sperm and it comes in foam, jelly, cream or as a film that is placed inside the vagina before having sex. Spermicide are usually used along with other birth control methods.
Male condom: The latex male condom is widely used as a barrier method to avoid pregnancy. It prevents sperms from entering woman’s body. It is also found to be very effective method in controlling STDs.
Female condom: The female condom is a thin plastic pouch that is used as a lining in vagina and should be put around 8 hours before sex. It is found to be less effective than male condom and hence not widely used.
Diaphragm: The diaphragm is a rubber like dome which is placed over the cervix before sex. It is mainly used with spermicide.
Cervical cap: Cervical cap is similar to diaphragm but smaller in size. The cap is placed over the cervix which blocks the entry into the uterus. This is also used along with spermicide.
Birth control pills: The most common type birth control pills contains hormones like estrogen and progestin to prevent ovulation. This are taken under medical supervision as when used properly on schedule are found to be most effective method of birth control.
Vagina ring: Vagina ring is a soft plastic ring, worn inside the vagina. The ring releases the same hormones as the pill and is found to be effective. But this need to be replaced once in a month.
Birth control Shot: The birth control shots are the hormonal injections which are given to prevent pregnancy for almost three months. It is also one of the most effective method and widely used by couples.
IUD: IUD refers to Intrauterine device which is a T-shaped piece of plastic placed inside the uterus by the doctor. The copper IUD works for almost 10 years where a hormonal IUD must be replaces after every 5 years. But both are found to be effective in preventing sperm entry.
Vasectomy: Vasectomy is another only option available for men other than male condom. This procedure involves surgical closing the tubes that carry sperm from the testes through the reproductive system. This prevents releases of sperm and its entry into female body.
Emergency contraception: Emergency contraception are used after having sex to prevent pregnancy. This is the best option when you have not taken any precautions or birth control measures before sex.
But remember even after taking precautions many women have conceived, hence it is best advice to talk to your gynaecologist before opting for any of these birth control measures.